Publication detail

Shrinkage of the alkali-activated slag mortars containing alternative activator

KUCHARCZYKOVÁ, B. BÍLEK, V. ŠIMONOVÁ, H.

Original Title

Shrinkage of the alkali-activated slag mortars containing alternative activator

English Title

Shrinkage of the alkali-activated slag mortars containing alternative activator

Type

abstract

Language

en

Original Abstract

The paper deals with the experimental determination of the shrinkage process of the alkali-activated slag mortars (AASM). Two mortars which differed especially in the type of used aggregate were mixed for the experiment. The slag-aggregate ratio was 1:3 for both mortars. The waste sludge, obtained from the water glass production, was used as an activator. The desired workability of the fresh mixtures was reached by addition of water. Because of the high water demand of waste sludge, the water-slag coefficient (w/s) was relatively high – 0.98 for the mortar with the natural sand and 0.73 for the mortar with the standard sand. All test specimens were removed from the moulds at the age of 24 hours and left to dry freely in the laboratory conditions with a temperature of 21 ± 2°C and relative humidity of 50 ± 10% during the whole time of measurement. The results show that AASMs which contain waste sludge exhibit rapid shrinkage with a high magnitude independent on the type of aggregate. During the first 40 hours of ageing, both mortars reached approx. 50% of the final value of shrinkage. The high shrinkage was strengthened by a high w/s coefficient needed to maintain the workability of the fresh mixtures.

English abstract

The paper deals with the experimental determination of the shrinkage process of the alkali-activated slag mortars (AASM). Two mortars which differed especially in the type of used aggregate were mixed for the experiment. The slag-aggregate ratio was 1:3 for both mortars. The waste sludge, obtained from the water glass production, was used as an activator. The desired workability of the fresh mixtures was reached by addition of water. Because of the high water demand of waste sludge, the water-slag coefficient (w/s) was relatively high – 0.98 for the mortar with the natural sand and 0.73 for the mortar with the standard sand. All test specimens were removed from the moulds at the age of 24 hours and left to dry freely in the laboratory conditions with a temperature of 21 ± 2°C and relative humidity of 50 ± 10% during the whole time of measurement. The results show that AASMs which contain waste sludge exhibit rapid shrinkage with a high magnitude independent on the type of aggregate. During the first 40 hours of ageing, both mortars reached approx. 50% of the final value of shrinkage. The high shrinkage was strengthened by a high w/s coefficient needed to maintain the workability of the fresh mixtures.

Keywords

shrinkage, mortar, slag, alkali activation

Released

26.09.2019

Publisher

RTU Press, Riga Technical University

Location

Riga

ISBN

978-9934-22-356-3

Book

Book of Abstracts of 4th International Conference Innovative Materials, Structures and Technologies.

Pages from

21

Pages to

21

Pages count

1

Documents

BibTex


@misc{BUT158934,
  author="Barbara {Kucharczyková} and Vlastimil {Bílek} and Hana {Šimonová}",
  title="Shrinkage of the alkali-activated slag mortars containing alternative activator",
  annote="The paper deals with the experimental determination of the shrinkage process of the alkali-activated slag mortars (AASM). Two mortars which differed especially in the type of used aggregate were mixed for the experiment. The slag-aggregate ratio was 1:3 for both mortars. The waste sludge, obtained from the water glass production, was used as an activator. The desired workability of the fresh mixtures was reached by addition of water. Because of the high water demand of waste sludge, the water-slag coefficient (w/s) was relatively high – 0.98 for the mortar with the natural sand and 0.73 for the mortar with the standard sand. All test specimens were removed from the moulds at the age of 24 hours and left to dry freely in the laboratory conditions with a temperature of 21 ± 2°C and relative humidity of 50 ± 10% during the whole time of measurement. The results show that AASMs which contain waste sludge exhibit rapid shrinkage with a high magnitude independent on the type of aggregate. During the first 40 hours of ageing, both mortars reached approx. 50% of the final value of shrinkage. The high shrinkage was strengthened by a high w/s coefficient needed to maintain the workability of the fresh mixtures.",
  address="RTU Press, Riga Technical University",
  booktitle="Book of Abstracts of 4th International Conference Innovative Materials, Structures and Technologies.",
  chapter="158934",
  howpublished="print",
  institution="RTU Press, Riga Technical University",
  year="2019",
  month="september",
  pages="21--21",
  publisher="RTU Press, Riga Technical University",
  type="abstract"
}