FCH-BC_BIOEAcad. year: 2020/2021
Characteristics of living systems. The chemical building blocks of life, bioelements and biomolecules. Biology of the cell, prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure, energetics, catabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins, citric acid cycle, oxidative respiration, genes and how they work, membrane transport, cell communication, cell cycle and differentiation. Reproduction and heredity, Mendel's laws, gene linkage, sex linkage, polygene genetics, population genetics, gene technology and biotechnology. Evolution, the origin of living systems, mechanisms of living systems evolution, the origin of species. Three life domains on the Earth, phylogenetic tree, classification of living things.
Learning outcomes of the course unit
The students should have understood some life processes on the molecular or cell level. Besides, they should have understood the evolution of the living systems and to learn their basic classification. Recquired knowledges are defined more detailed by annotation, curriculum and basic literature.
Basic knowledge of secondary school biology and chemistry.
Recommended optional programme components
Recommended or required reading
Hrstka, M. Biologie. FCH VUT v Brně (CS)
Alberts, B. a kol. Základy buněčné biologie. Espero Publishing, Ústí nad Labem 2000. (CS)
Planned learning activities and teaching methods
The course uses teaching methods in form of lecture (2 teaching hours per week). The e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to students.
Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes
The exam is written. It is examined the understanding of the explained concepts, their relations and selected figures as well as theories.
Language of instruction
Week 1: Introduction. Characteristics of living systems. Chemical building block of life.
Week 2: Chemical building block of life - biopolymers. Prokaryotic cell structure.
Week 3: Eukaryotic cell structure. Bioenergetics.
Week 4: Catabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Citric acid cycle and oxidative respiration.
Week 5: Photosynthesis. Genes and how they work.
Week 6: Translation, regulation of gene expression.
Week 7: Membrane transport. Transport and distribution of substances inside the cells. Cell communication.
Week 8: Cell communication. Cell cycle and differentiation.
Week 9: Basic genetics concepts. Mendel´s laws, gene linkage, sex linkage, epigenetic heredity.
Week 10: Polygene genetics, population genetics, gene technology and biotechnology.
Week 11: The origin of life, evolution of living systems.
Week 12: Three life domains on the Earth, phylogenetic tree.
Week 13: Classification of living systems.
The aim of the subject is to inform students about chemical building of living systems, molecular principles of life, genetics and evolution and basic classification of organisms.
Specification of controlled education, way of implementation and compensation for absences
Classification of course in study plans