Course detail

Basic of Ecology

FCH-BC_ZEAcad. year: 2023/2024

The objective of the course is to give attendants common information from ecology of plants and animals. Structure of the course is following: Introduction to ecology - content and objectives, ecology subsections and relation to the other subjects, ecological niche - fundamental and realized; ecological media and ecological factors of environment; ecological valence and adaptation; ecological soil, water and air characteristics ( their effect on the life of organisms); population ecology - demecology, main attributes of the population (natality, mortality, abundance, density, age structure, sex index) intraspecific relations (teritoriality, competetion, concurention) interspecific relations; communities - biocoenosis, its characteristics, classificacion and structure; ecosystem - productivity and production, food chains, ecosystem stability, important ecosystems and structure of their biocoenosis; biogeography of Earth; landscape ecology, biosphere, man and the biosphere.

Language of instruction


Number of ECTS credits


Mode of study

Not applicable.

Entry knowledge

Basic knowledge of the biology of plants and animals.

Rules for evaluation and completion of the course

The exam is a written test consisting of 16 questions. To obtain a classification in the range A - E is needed to obtain at least half the number of points. Each question is scored the same number of points.
Attendance at lectures is recommended, but not controlled.


The main objective of this subject is mastering basic concepts and definitions in the field of ecology, is gaining knowledge of the functioning of the ecosystem and about the relationships between the basic components (producers, consumers, decomposers - inanimate environment) and impact of human activities on the ecosystem.
Mastering the terminology in the field of ecology and knowledge of ecosystem functioning and coherence relations between its various components enable students to better understand the continuity in other related subjects such as environmental chemistry.
Increased knowledge, skills and competencies of students will be reflected in the following areas:
1. Students will acquire basic knowledge about the environmental compertments and ecosystem functioning.
2. Students will understand the relations between abiotic and biotic components of the environment.
3. Students will be able to creatively applied acquired knowledge to the protection of environment.

Study aids

Not applicable.

Prerequisites and corequisites

Not applicable.

Basic literature

Laštůvka Z. & Krejčová P. 2000: Ekologie. Konvoj: Brno, 185 str.";2012;;1;základní;;cs (CS)
Palatý, J., Paleček, J.: Základy ekologie. VŠCHT Praha, 1992";2012;;1;základní;;cs (CS)

Recommended reading

Not applicable.


Classification of course in study plans

  • Programme BKCP_ECHBM Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory
  • Programme BPCP_ECHBM Bachelor's, 1. year of study, winter semester, compulsory

Type of course unit



26 hours, optionally

Teacher / Lecturer


1. Basic terms, ecosystem, organisms in ecosystem.
2. Organism and environmental, terms (biotope, ecotypes, territory, habitat, niche. . . ).
3. Kinds of organisms, ecological rules.
4. Ecological factors, abiotic and biotic, intensity of factors, bioindicators.
5. Biosphere, atmosphere, pedosphere - relationship to the alive organisms.
6. Population, its main attributes, relationships between individuals of a given population.
7. Biocoenosis, synecology.
8. Relationships between populations.
9. Ecosystem, ecosystem functioning, stages of development ecosystem - climax, succession.
10.The cycle of substances in the ecosystem.
11.Biogeography, man and the biosphere.
12. Ecological problems of the 21st century.