Detail předmětu

Biogeochemical interfaces

FCH-MA_ENG13Ak. rok: 2021/2022

Colloidal and interface systems, weak interactions: principles and relevance in natural systems, water: properties, function of water in biogeochemical systems, biopolymers: production, properties and function, biogeochemical interfaces: soil organic matter, minerals and organisms, soil pore, sediments, biofilms, carbon dynamics and stabilization mechanisms in soils, process in aquatic systems, dissolved organic matter: properties, function and current models, natural and engineered particles, physicochemical environmental processes and interfaces: sorption, pollutant mobilization, colloid-facilitated pollutant transport, wetting, capillarity and environmental processes, interactions between biology and chemistry: interactions in natural systems, swelling, diffusion, precipitation, abiogenesis: current theories and concepts, implications.

Výsledky učení předmětu

Understanding the central role of interfaces for environmental processes
Understanding the intense interactions between physics, chemistry and biology
Analysis of interfacial processes
Geochemical cycles of C in soil
Principles of abiogenesis

Prerekvizity

basics of general, organic and physical chemistry

Doporučená nebo povinná literatura

Butt, H.-J., Graf, K., Kappl, M. (2006): Physics and Chemistry of Interfaces. Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. (EN)
Israelachvili, J.N. (2011): Intermolecular and surface forces, Elsevier, Amsterdam (EN)

Plánované vzdělávací činnosti a výukové metody

Lectures 2h/week, the e-learning system (LMS Moodle) is available to students.

Způsob a kritéria hodnocení

Oral examination, answer to minimum 50% of questions is required.

Jazyk výuky

angličtina

Osnovy výuky

1) Introduction, colloidal and interface systems
2) Weak interactions: principles and relevance in natural systems
3) Water: properties, anomalies,
4) Function of water in biogeochemical systems, hydration
5) Biopolymers: production, properties and function
6) Biogeochemical interfaces: soil organic matter, minerals and organisms,
7) Soil pore, sediments, biofilms
8) Carbon dynamics and stabilization mechanisms in soils
9) Process in aquatic systems
10) Dissolved organic matter: properties, function and current models, natural and engineered particles
11) Physicochemical environmental processes and interfaces: sorption, pollutant mobilization, colloid-facilitated pollutant transport, wetting, capillarity and environmental processes
12) Interactions between biology and chemistry: interactions in natural systems, swelling, diffusion, precipitation
13) Abiogenesis: current theories and concepts, implications.

Cíl

The students understand the central role of interfaces for environmental processes such as sorption and transport of environmental contaminants, bioavailability and toxicity. They understand the intense interactions between physics, chemistry and biology. The students gain experience in the analysis of interfacial processes and are competent for independent interdisciplinary process-oriented experiments.

Vymezení kontrolované výuky a způsob jejího provádění a formy nahrazování zameškané výuky

none

Zařazení předmětu ve studijních plánech

  • Program NPAP_ENVI magisterský navazující, 2. ročník, zimní semestr, 4 kredity, povinně volitelný

Typ (způsob) výuky

 

Přednáška

26 hod., nepovinná

Vyučující / Lektor

Konzultace v kombinovaném studiu

26 hod., povinnost neuvedena

Vyučující / Lektor